Protective effects of cannabidiol on the membrane proteins of skin keratinocytes exposed to hydrogen peroxide via participation in the proteostasis network
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is widely used in clinical practice due to its antiseptic properties and its ability to heal wounds. However, due to its involvement in the formation of ROS, H2O2 causes several side effects, including disorders of the metabolism of skin cells and the development of chronic inflammation mediated by oxidative stress. Therefore, this study evaluated the effects of cannabidiol (CBD), a phytocannabinoid known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, on the proteome of keratinocyte membranes exposed to H2O2. Overall, the hydrogen peroxide caused the levels of several proteins to increase, while the treatment with CBD prevented these changes. Analysis of the protein-protein interaction network showed that the significant changes mainly involved proteins with important roles in the proteasomal activity, protein folding processes (regulatory subunit of the proteasome 26S 6A, beta proteasome subunit type 1, chaperonin 60 kDa), protein biosynthesis (40S ribosomal proteins S16, S2 and ubiquitin-S27a), regulation of the redox balance (carbonyl reductase [NADPH] 1 and NAD(P)H [quinone] 1 dehydrogenase) and cell survival (14-3-3 theta protein). Additionally, CBD reduced the total amount of MDA, 4-HNE and 4-ONE-protein adducts. Therefore, we conclude that CBD partially prevents the changes induced by hydrogen peroxide by reducing oxidative stress and maintaining proteostasis networks. Moreover, our results indicate that combination therapy with CBD may bring a promising approach in the clinical use of hydrogen peroxide by preventing its pro-oxidative and pro-inflammatory effect through potential participation of CBD in membrane mediated molecular signaling.
Keywords: Cannabidiol; Hydrogen peroxide; Keratinocyte membrane; Lipid peroxidation products-protein adducts; Oxidative stress; Proteostasis networks.