Natural Cannabinoids as Templates for Sleep Disturbances Treatments.
The sleep-wake cycle is a complex composition of specific physiological and behavioral characteristics. In addition, neuroanatomical, neurochemical and molecular systems exerts influences in the modulation of the sleep-wake cycle. Moreover, homeostatic and circadian mechanisms interact to control the waking or sleeping states. As many other behaviors, sleep also develops pathological features that include several signs and symptoms corresponding to medical conditions known as sleep disorders.In addition to the neurobiological mechanisms modulating sleep, external elements also influence the sleep-wake cycle, including the use of Cannabis sativa (C. sativa). In this regard, and over the last decades, the interest of studying the pharmacology of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC), the principal psychoactive constituent of C. sativa, has been addressed. Moreover, in recent years, the focus of scientific interest has moved on to studying the second plant constituent with non-psychotropic pharmacological properties: Cannabidiol (CBD).The pharmacological and pharmaceutical interest of CBD has been focus of attention due to the accumulating body of evidence regarding the positive outcomes of using CBD for the treatment of several health issues, such as psychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders, epilepsy, etc. Since the most prominent sleep disruptions include excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), current treatments include the use of drugs such as stimulants of antidepressants. Notwithstanding, side effects are commonly reported among the patients under prescription of these compounds. Thus, the search of novelty therapeutical approaches aimed to treat ESD may consider the use of cannabinoid-derived compounds, such as CBD. In this chapter, we will show experimental evidence regarding the potential role of CBD as a wake-inducing compound aimed to manage EDS.
Keywords: Cannabis sativa; Disturbance; Drug; Medical; Wakefulness.